Detroit: Immigrant and Refugee Neighbors Wanted
By Sloan Herrick, Deputy Director
As I am writing this, just days after the terrorist attacks in Paris and Beirut and amid the ongoing crisis in the Middle East, I can’t help but reflect on how vital it is right now, today, to share across cities, cultures, and countries creative solutions for integration and inclusion–for both refugees and receiving communities. These values must drive our work to restore our cities. To this end, earlier this month, Global Detroit and a delegation of over 20 Metro Detroit partners visited our Rust Belt neighbors in Cleveland, Ohio to learn about how Cleveland is designing and implementing strategies to integrate and include refugees in the social and economic fabric of their community, so that we can use these insights in Metro Detroit.
As a national leader in immigrant economic development, and as a founding member of the WE Global Network, Global Detroit often draws from the talent and expertise of others across the Midwest that are leading the way in inventive and unconventional strategies to foster community and economic development. The study tour included a diverse delegation of Southeast Michigan leaders. These included representatives from the City of Detroit, Detroit City Council Member Castaneda-Lopez’s office, Detroit Future City, Detroit Land Bank Authority, Detroit Public Schools, Detroit Rescue Mission Ministries, International Institute of Metropolitan Detroit, Jewish Family Services of Washtenaw County, Lutheran Social Services of Michigan, Michigan State Housing Development Authority, and Oakland County Treasurer’s Office, as well as our national partner, Welcoming America.
On our tour, we visited Thomas Jefferson International Newcomers Academy. This newly-constructed school in a developing neighborhood – not dissimilar to many Detroit neighborhoods —is unique because it services all of the English Language Learner (ELL) students in the Cleveland Public Schools. Nearly all of these students, who make up 25 nationalities and speak a total of 22 languages, have been in the U.S. for less than two years. At the Academy, we were inspired by students from China, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Afghanistan, and other parts of the world who, in addition to the regular curriculum and the trials and tribulations of growing up, are learning a brand new language, far from home.
Thomas Jefferson International Newcomers Academy is the anchor of Cleveland’s Dream Neighborhood – which is defined by the half-mile radius that surrounds the school. Cleveland Councilman Joe Cimperman, along with Councilmen Brian Cummins and Matthew Zone, have a commitment to revitalize this neighborhood and provide new opportunities for refugees in Cleveland. They have prioritized demolition dollars within Dream Neighborhood (which encompasses 162 vacant properties), and, the Cuyahoga County Land Bank has used data to identify target properties in the foreclosure process to assist in neighborhood planning and housing redevelopment. To date, this partnership has resulted in the demolition of 15 properties in Dream Neighborhood – a strong start to a brighter future in this community.
This relationship between the Cuyahoga Land Bank and municipal government is underpinned by the important role that a private developer plays in the Dream Neighborhood by purchasing, rehabbing, and renting formerly vacant homes. He employs refugees in construction jobs to teach them valuable skills that can be translated to other jobs in the workforce. Once the houses are restored, they are rented to refugees to provide quality, affordable, safe places to live.
In addition to the work done in Dream Neighborhood, Cuyahoga County Land Bank is partnering with refugee serving agencies to develop refugee housing and identify refugee tenants and homeowners who often struggle due to lack of credit and rental history. The Land Bank has worked with the International Services Center (ISC) to sell 7 single-family homes that were rehabbed into new homes for refugees.
With what is estimated to be over 20,000 vacant properties in Detroit, we find ourselves sitting on an untapped opportunity to create new pathways that connect immigrants and refugees in search of housing with these vacant homes.
In the second half of our study tour, we sat down with members of the Refugee Services Collaborative – a cross-sector of organizations joined together to better serve refugees settling in northeast Ohio. Formed in 2011, the innovative collaborative coordinates the work of its members and builds capacity across the organizations, and includes refugee resettlement agencies, area school systems, and community and faith-based organizations. While not a unique concept, members point to the inclusion of a broad group of entities, and the level of collaboration – in particular the hiring of a third party facilitator, as reasons for their success. In 2012 the Collaborative published a groundbreaking economic impact study of refugee resettlement in Northeast Ohio, which found that refugees have helped slow population loss and have had an economic impact of $48 million. An economic development approach to their resettlement efforts has further propelled their work, and opened doors to new relationships, sectors, and strategies.
In the wake of the attacks on Paris and Beirut, Global Detroit and our friends and partners continue to develop comprehensive and streamlined systems to receive, include, and empower more refugees in Southeast Michigan. This study tour to Cleveland has outfitted us with a strong sense of direction, inspiration, and partnership to navigate refugee resettlement in Detroit and the region. We will be applying these tools here in Detroit to develop innovations that integrate and include refugees and immigrants as valued contributors to Southeast Michigan’s cultural, civic, and social fabric.
Thank you to our friends and generous hosts – including, Samantha Peddicord of Cleveland City Council Representative Joseph Cimperman’s office, Gus Frangos and Lilah Zautner of the Cuyahoga Land Bank, Danielle Drake of US Together, Darren Hamm of Refugee Response, and Richard Konisiewicz of Global Cleveland – who made our trip to Cleveland a huge success!